Musculomandibular morphology in individuals with different vertical skeletal growth patterns: an MRI and cone beam computed tomography study

Katrīna Gardovska (Coresponding Author), Ilga Urtāne, Gaida Krūmiņa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the volumetric and crossectional parameters of masseter and medial pterygoid muscles in the relation with mandibular skeletal morphology in individuals with different underlying growth patterns in the vertical dimension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study originally involved 76 individuals with definite clinical and radiological criteria: 31 skeletal Class III and 26 skeletal Class II patients before the orthognathic surgery and 20 skeletal class I (normal) individuals with complaints of wisdom teeth and associated medical problems. On the basis of cephalometric measurement of the mandibular plane and sella-nasion (MP-SN), the study sample was categorised according to the vertical facial dimension in 3 different growth pattern subgroups: 19 subjects with horizontal growth pattern, 25 subjects with vertical growth pattern and 33 subjects with neutral growth pattern. MRI was performed for the masseter and medial pterygoid muscles, and volume and cross-sectional area measurements were performed. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) investigation was performed for the assessment of craniofacial structures and the following measurements of the mandibular parameters were obtained: height of ramus, length of mandibular corpus, overall mandibular length, inter-angular width and intercondylar width. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences among all study groups regarding masseter volume (p<0.006) and CSA (p<0.006), with the highest values in the horizontal growth pattern group and the lowest values in vertical growth pattern group. After Bonferroni correction, statistically significant difference (p<0.004 and p<0.008) was noted between the horizontal and vertical growth pattern groups, respectively. A similar tendency was observed for the medial pterygoid, but with no statistical significance. A statistically significant negative correlation was observed between MP-SN and the volume of masseter and medial pterygoid in the overall sample. Of the seven muscular and mandibular variables included in the regression analysis, the final model included only four variables that were significantly associated with MP-SN and explained 37% of its variance (masseter volume (p=0.017), mandibular overall length (p<0.001), height of mandibular ramus (p=0.003), and length of mandibular corpus (p<0.001)). CONCLUSIONS: The masseter muscle seems to be more sensitive to the variation in mandibular morphology than the medial pterygoid muscle, and volume as the biomechanical characteristic seems to be a more significant parameter of the size of the interaction with vertical skeletal growth patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • masseter
  • medial pterygoid
  • MRI
  • CBCT

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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