Musculoskeletal disorders caused by physical overload: The situation in Latvia

J. Reste, M. Eglite, A. Rubine, J. Cirule, G. Zubkova, T. Zvagule, I. Vanadzins

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

For Latvian society musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are becoming an urgent problem like in the majority of European countries. Physical overload is one of the most important aetiological factors for development of work-related MSDs. The aim of the study was analysis of occupational MSDs' incidence tendencies in Latvia during the time period from 1996 till 2011. Data of Latvian State Register of Occupational Diseases about incidence of occupational MSDs according to Latvian official list of occupational disorders were used. The time period between 1996 and 2011 was analysed in detail. This current paper reports a rapid increase in number of occupational MSDs revealed for the first time every year in Latvia. At the same time, a gradual decrease of "classical" occupational diseases, such as respiratory disorders caused by dust and chemical substances was observed during the period of analysis. In most cases, more than one MSD was diagnosed for one patient. The largest part of these MSDs was chronic, disabling and had been acquired for a long time before being revealed. In 94.8% of all patients with firstly revealed occupational diseases in 2011 factor physical overload (i.e. heavy lifting, repetitive or highly differentiated movements or awkward working posture, manual handling) were mentioned as harmful working risk factors. During the last ten years MSDs have taken first place in the occupational morbidity structure of Latvia. Considering the present situation in Latvia, special attention of OH&S specialists should be paid to the early prevention of MSDs and fight against physical overload at work places.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Health Risk VII
EditorsC.A. Brebbia, R. Kiss
PublisherWITPress
Pages73-81
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-84564-705-6
ISBN (Print)9781845647049
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event7th International Conference on the Impact of Environmental Factors on Health - Environmental Health Risk - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: 23 Apr 201325 Apr 2013
Conference number: 7

Publication series

NameWIT Transactions on Biomedicine and Health
Volume16
ISSN (Print)1743-3525

Conference

Conference7th International Conference on the Impact of Environmental Factors on Health - Environmental Health Risk
Abbreviated titleEHR 2013
Country/TerritoryHungary
CityBudapest
Period23/04/1325/04/13

Keywords

  • Latvia
  • Morbidity
  • Musculoskeletal disorders
  • Occupational disease
  • Physical overload
  • Prevention
  • Work-related

Field of Science

  • 2.6 Medical engineering
  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type

  • 3.1. Articles or chapters in proceedings/scientific books indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Musculoskeletal disorders caused by physical overload: The situation in Latvia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this