Mutations in the ATP7B Gene in Ukrainian Patients with High Risk of Wilson’s Disease

H. Makukh, I. Hayboniuk, A. Zarina, O. M. Semeriak, L. Gailite

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Abstract: Wilson’s disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive condition caused by an impaired copper metabolism due to hereditary mutations in the ATP7B gene; the spectrum and frequency of mutations are considerably different in different populations. The goal of the study was to determine the most frequent mutations in the ATP7B gene in patients from Ukraine for the introduction of genetic testing into the practice of medical and genetic consulting. The materials for the study were DNA samples isolated from the leukocytes of 90 patients (41 males and 49 females), aged 3–60 with clinical and biochemical signs of the disease. The molecular and genetic analysis of the mutation c.3207C > A (H1069Q), the most common among Europeans, was conducted by the PCR Bi-PASA method. The sequencing of exons of the ATP7B gene was conducted for 23 patients who had a score of three or higher according to the Leipzig scoring system. The molecular and genetic analysis of the mutations in the ATP7B gene genetically verified Wilson’s disease in 23.3% of patients with clinical signs of the disease. Five different mutations and five single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the ATP7B gene were determined in the patients of the investigated group. The mutation c.3207C > A, most common for Europeans, was determined in 28 patients, including 15 cases of homozygosity. In six cases, the mutation c.3207C > A was in a compound heterozygosity state with other mutations in the ATP7B gene: 3–c.2304dupC (8 exon), 1–c.2128G > A (8 exon), 1–c.3011AC (13 exon), 1–c.3402delC (15 exon). No other transformations, except for mutation H1069Q, were found in seven people. The frequency of the pathogenic allele c.3207C > A (H1069Q) of the ATP7B gene, most widespread in Europe, among patients who had a score of three and higher according to the scoring system of diagnostic tests, was 76.8%. The frequency of allele c.2304dupC among genetically verified cases was 7%. The genetic testing of two mutations in the ATP7B gene (c.3207C > A and c.2304dupC), frequent among patients from Ukraine with Wilson’s disease, was introduced into practice. A third of patients did not have pathogenic alleles in exon sequences of the ATP7B gene but had one or several single nucleotide polymorphisms, including several nonpathogenic variants and one polymorphism associated with the increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease (c.2495A > G). The obtained results indicate the high informative value from genetic testing of c.3207C > A and c.2304dupC mutations in the ATP7B gene among Ukrainian patients with Wilson’s disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-332
Number of pages9
JournalCytology and Genetics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • ATP7B gene
  • mutation
  • Ukraine
  • Wilson’s disease

Field of Science*

  • 3.1 Basic medicine
  • 1.6 Biological sciences

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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