Nano ZnO: Structure, Synthesis Routes, and Properties

Mojdeh Rahnama Ghahfarokhi, Minoo Alizadeh Pirposhte, Debjita Mukherjee, Azadeh Jafarizadeh Dehaghani, Jhaleh Amirian , Agnese Brangule, Dace Bandere

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Nanoscale zinc oxide (ZnO) is one of the most important materials in semiconductor applications today. The ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) have received the most interest among the various nanoparticles. The ZnO nanostructures are composed mainly of ZnO and have at least one dimension on the nanometer scale (1-100 nm). ZnO is a wide-bandgap semiconductor with an energy gap of 3.37 eV at room temperature. Different methods have been used to synthesize ZnO NPs, which has led to different physical and chemical properties. The high surface energy of the particles produced in most of these methods tends to accumulate them. Therefore, nanoparticles of ZnO are used in biosensors, gas sensors, solar cells, ceramics, nanogenerators, photodetectors, catalysts, and active fillers in rubber and plastic due to their unique properties. As a UV absorber, it can also be used in cosmetics, photocatalysis, electrical and optoelectronic systems, and as an additive in a wide variety of industrial products.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationZnO and Their Hybrid Nano-Structures
Subtitle of host publicationPotential Candidates for Diverse Applications
EditorsGaurav Sharma, Pooja Dhiman, Amit Kumar
PublisherMaterials Research Forum LLC
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-64490-239-4
ISBN (Print)978-1-64490-238-7
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Foundations


  • Zinc Oxide (ZnO)
  • nanoparticles
  • semiconductor
  • synthesis
  • structure

Field of Science*

  • 1.4 Chemical sciences
  • 2.5 Materials engineering

Publication Type*

  • 3.2. Articles or chapters in other proceedings other than those included in 3.1., with an ISBN or ISSN code


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