Non-Aziridination Approaches to 3-Arylaziridine-2-carboxylic Acid Derivatives and 3-Aryl-(aziridin-2-yl)ketones

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Highly functionalized aziridines, including compounds with aromatic moieties, are attractive substrates both in synthetic and medical areas of chemistry. There is a broad and interesting set of synthetic methods for reaching these compounds. Aziridination represents the most explored tool, but there are several other more specific, less well-known, but highly promising approaches. Therefore, the current review focuses on recently described or updated ways to obtain 3-arylated aziridines via different non-aziridination-based synthetic methods, reported mainly since 2000. The presented methods belong to two main directions of synthesis, namely, cyclization of open-chain substrates and rearrangement of other heterocycles. Cyclization of open-chain substrates includes the classic Gabriel-Cromwell type cyclization of halogenated substrates with amines, base-promoted cyclization of activated aminoalcohols (or its analogues), and the oxidative cyclization of β-dicarbonyls. Rearrangements of other heterocycles are presented as the Baldwin rearrangement of 4-isoxazolines, the cycloaddition of 1.3-dipoles or dienes to 2H-azirines, and the addition of C-and N-nucleophiles to the double bond of azirines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5919
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022


  • 4-isoxazolines
  • aziridines
  • azirines
  • Baldwin rearrangement
  • cyclization
  • cycloaddition

Field of Science*

  • 1.4 Chemical sciences
  • 1.6 Biological sciences
  • 3.1 Basic medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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