Background: Most prostate cancer patients develop castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) after androgen deprivation therapy treatment. CRPC growth is mediated mostly by androgen receptor signalling driven by primary androgens synthesised largely by the CYP17A1 enzyme. Objective: To evaluate the safety profile and dose-limiting toxicities of ODM-204. Design, setting, and participants: In this open, uncontrolled, nonrandomised, multicentre, tolerability and pharmacokinetic first-in-man phase I dose escalation study, patients with metastatic CRPC were randomised to receive ODM-204 in sequential cohorts of five dose levels (ie, 50, 100, 200, 300, and 500 mg twice daily) concomitantly with prednisone. Intervention: ODM-204, a novel, orally administered, investigational, nonsteroidal dual inhibitor of CYP17A1 and androgen receptor. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: ODM-204 plasma concentrations, serum testosterone, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels were evaluated and imaging of lesions was performed. Results and limitations: Of the 23 patients enrolled into the study, 60.9% experienced mild adverse effects considered to be related to the study treatment, which were fatigue, increased/decreased appetite, nausea, asthenia, diarrhoea, and weight decrease. ODM-204 area under the curve (AUC0–12) values increased dose dependently until the 300 mg dose. The AUC was lower on day 8 after repeated dosing compared with day 1 from the 200 mg dose upwards. Decreases in testosterone levels were seen with ODM-204 treatment confirming androgen deprivation. Of the patients, 13% also demonstrated a >50% decrease in PSA at week 12 and continued ODM-204 treatment for over a year. Conclusions: ODM-204 was well tolerated up to the highest evaluated dose. There were decreases in both testosterone and PSA levels, suggesting preliminary antitumour activity in the treatment of CRPC. The pharmacokinetic properties of the molecule, however, prevent further development. Patient summary: This study looked at the safety of ODM-204, a novel dual inhibitor of CYP17A1 and the androgen receptor, in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients. ODM-204 treatment was found to be well tolerated, and it also reduced both serum testosterone and prostate-specific antigen levels, but the properties of the molecule prevent further development. In a phase I dose escalation study, a dual inhibitor of CYP17A1 and the androgen receptor, ODM-204, was well tolerated and demonstrated antitumour activity by decreasing serum testosterone and prostate-specific antigen levels in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer. The pharmacokinetic properties, however, prevent further development.
- Androgen receptor
- Castration-resistant prostate cancer
- Phase I clinical trial
Field of Science*
- 3.2 Clinical medicine
- 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database