Oral health in Latvian 15‐year‐olds

Sibilla Bjarnason, Sandra Berzina, Ruta Care, Inese Mackevica, Inguna Rence

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14 Citations (Scopus)


Oral hygiene, caries and periodontal conditions were assessed in a representative sample of 15‐year‐old Latvian schoolchildren, comprising 506 subjects. Caries, diagnosed on the cavity level, was detected in 97.6 % of the population. The mean DMFT and DMFS were 8.1 and 14.1, respectively. Although 91% of the children had had restorative treatment, the D component accounted on average for 33% of the DMFS score. Visible dental plaque was found in 98.4% of the children; in a majority (88%) abundant plaque deposits were recorded. Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN) was assessed by standard WHO methods. Deviation from periodontal health was observed in 90.7% of the children. Calculus was recorded in 26.1% and gingival pockets in 25.9% of the sample. Additionally, 38.7% of the children had gingival bleeding. The mean number of sextants with healthy periodontal conditions was 2.5. Calculus and pocketing averaged 0.6 and 0.4 sextants, respectively. Attachment loss, recorded in 11.7% of the subjects, did not exceed 3 mm. The results showed high caries prevalence, considerable need for treatment and virtual absence of oral hygiene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-279
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1995


  • attachment loss
  • dental caries
  • plaque

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 3.3. Publications in conference proceedings indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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