Physical activity in healthy urban adults and its association with body composition parameters

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

An adequate amount of physical activity (PA) in adults improves cardio-respiratory fitness, metabolic health and helps maintain a normal body weight and composition. Here we examined sex- and occupation-related PA patterns and their association with body composition parameters. Healthy volunteers (n = 97) aged 21–49 years completed a self-administered PA questionnaire and characterized their occupational duties depending on the volume of the physical work involved. A bio-impedance analyser was used to determine body composition. Men reported more metabolic equivalent of task (MET) minutes/week of vigorous PA than women (p < 0.05). Participants with low occupational PA had less walking, moderate and total MET minutes/week, and more sitting time than those with moderate and vigorous occupational PA (p < 0.05), but their body composition parameters did not differ. In males, negative correlations were found between body fat percentage, visceral fat range, segmental fat mass, and moderate MET minutes/week, whereas positive associations were observed between muscle mass in legs and vigorous MET minutes/week (p<0.05). In females, negative correlations were found between visceral fat and vigorous MET minutes/week but positive – between lean body mass, trunk and leg muscle mass, and moderate PA (p < 0.05). These observed associations might be used to develop interventions to promote sex- and occupation-specific PA.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference SOCIETY. HEALTH. WELFARE
EditorsUldis Berķis, Lolita Vilka
PublisherEDP Sciences
Number of pages8
Volume68
ISBN (Print)978-2-7598-9081-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2019
Event7th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference "Society. Health. Welfare": Contemporary Social Dynamics and Welfare: Urban and Rural Development Perspectives - Riga, Latvia
Duration: 10 Oct 201812 Oct 2018
Conference number: 7
http://www.blocket.lv/sites/default/files/2020-02/RSU_7th%20International%20conference_abstracts_2018.pdf

Publication series

NameSHS Web of Conferences
ISSN (Print)2261-2424

Conference

Conference7th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference "Society. Health. Welfare"
Country/TerritoryLatvia
CityRiga
Period10/10/1812/10/18
Internet address

Keywords*

  • physical activity
  • IPAQ
  • occupational physical activity
  • body composition
  • healthy adults

Field of Science*

  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 3.2. Articles or chapters in other proceedings other than those included in 3.1., with an ISBN or ISSN code

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