Physiotherapy following cardiac surgery: Program comparison

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The objective is to examine and compare the usability of two physiotherapy programmes, analyzing respiratory function in patients before and after cardiac surgery in hospital during seven postoperative days (POD).
Quantitative randomized prospective study of 157 patients before and after the valve replacement surgery, coronary artery bypass graft and combined surgeries, who moved independently. Participants were randomized into two groups (1 and 2) with different physiotherapy programmes. The routine physiotherapy of breath-enhancing techniques, micro-circulation improvement were used for the first group, for the second group - modified physiotherapy - the improvement of inspiration muscles, mm. quadriceps. gluteus max strength. Anthropometric measurements were defined for both groups on the day before surgery and during spirography - dynamic indicators - forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the 2nd second (FEV1), Tiffeneau index (FEV1/VC (%)), peak expiratory flow (PEF), operation parameters.
By comparing the postoperative respiratory parameters between the two groups and using independent samples t test, it was found out that the difference in FVC between groups is 1.71 [95% CI: -8.25 to 4.8] and it is not statistically significant (t (155) = -0.52; p = 0.60). Based on the Leuven test results FVC the distribution variance is not statistically notably different for group 1 and group 2 (F = 0.27, p = 0.60).
Using routine and modified physiotherapy and comparing postoperative dynamic respiratory performance of the two groups, there was no statistically significant difference, proving that the two models are equally effective.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSHS Web of Conferences
Subtitle of host publication6th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference SOCIETY. HEALTH. WELFARE
EditorsUldis Berķis, Lolita Vilka
PublisherEDP Sciences
ISBN (Electronic)978-2-7598-9029-3
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event6th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference "Society. Health. Welfare": Living in the World of Diversity: Social Transformations. Innovations. Solutions - Riga, Latvia
Duration: 23 Nov 201625 Nov 2016
Conference number: 6

Publication series

NameSHS Web of Conferences
ISSN (Print)2261-2424


Conference6th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference "Society. Health. Welfare"

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine
  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 3.1. Articles or chapters in proceedings/scientific books indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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