1. Identify symptoms of anxiety and depression in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and their parents.
2. Detect symptoms of anxiety and depression in somatic healthy children and their parents.
3. Compare the results in the target and control groups. The study population has been divided into 2 sub-groups: the target group consisting of adolescents with T1D aged 12-18 and their parents (N = 64), and the control group consisting of somatic healthy adolescents and their parents (N = 36). Anxiety symptoms have been evaluated applying the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD -7) scale. Depression symptoms have been evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ - 9) scale. 100 respondents were eligible for screening. The severity of anxiety and depression symptoms has been assessed on a scale of points , interpreting in gradations: “no symptoms; mild symptoms; moderate symptoms and severe symptoms”. Severe, generalised anxiety was detected in 13% adolescents suffering from T1D and 47% of their parents. In contrast, no severe anxiety was detected in the control group by any of the respondents. In adolescents with T1D, 9% of cases experienced symptoms of severe depression, 16% experiencing symptoms of moderate depression. In the control group, no signs of severe depression were seen in children or parents, while signs of moderate depression occurred in 6% of teens. Moderate and severe anxiety and depression symptoms were seen significantly more frequently in the study group than in the control group, both in the child and in the parent subgroups. 1. Adolescents with Type 1 diabetes and their parents are more predisposed to anxiety and depression symptoms than somatic healthy children and their parents.
2. Further multiprofessional research is necessary for children with T1D and their families, in order to avoid the development of stress-related mental health disorders.
- 3.4. Other publications in conference proceedings (including local)