Background: This study aimed to evaluate hemodynamic phenotypes and prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy in children after coarctation repair with right arm and leg blood pressure difference ' 20 mmHg. Secondary objectives were analysis of effects of age at intervention, residual gradient across the descending aorta, and type of correction. Methods: Blood pressure status and left ventricular hypertrophy were diagnosed according to European Society of Hypertension 2016 guidelines. Results: Of 90 patients with a median age 12.5 (8.9–15.8) years, 8.5 (6.0–11.8) years after coarctation repair who were included, 42 (46.7%) were hypertensive. Isolated systolic hypertension dominated among 29 hypertensive patients with uncontrolled or masked hypertension (25 of 29; 86.2%). Of the 48 patients with office normotension, 14.6% (7) had masked hypertension, 8.3% (4) had ambulatory prehypertension, and 54.2% (26) were truly normotensive. Left ventricular hypertrophy was diagnosed in 29 patients (32.2%), including 14 of 42 (33.3%) hypertensive and 15 of 48 (31.3%) normotensive patients. The peak systolic gradient across the descending aorta was greater in hypertensive subjects (33.3 ± 12.7 mmHg) compared with normotensive subjects (25 ± 8.2 mmHg, p = 0.0008). Surgical correction was performed earlier than percutaneous intervention (p ' 0.0001) and dominated in 40 of 48 (83.3%) normotensive versus 24 of 42 (57.1%) hypertensive patients (p = 0.006). Conclusions: Arterial hypertension with isolated systolic hypertension as the dominant phenotype and left ventricular hypertrophy are prevalent even after successful coarctation repair. Coarctation correction from the age of 9 years and older was associated with a higher prevalence of hypertension.
- Arterial hypertension
- Coarctation of the aorta
- Isolated systolic hypertension
- Left ventricular hypertrophy
Field of Science
- 3.2 Clinical medicine
- 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database