Psychological Traits in Teacher and Pupil Mutual Communication

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Many factors contribute to pupils' academic performance. Studies suggest that, between school-related factors, teachers matter most and have two to three times larger impact than any other school factor. Researchers provide various lists of necessary traits for an effective teacher. Fewer lists are provided on required traits for the effective pupil. The problem is that ideas about the necessary traits of the effective teacher or effective pupil differ from the point of view of the viewer. This research examines pupil-teacher and teacher-pupil expectations about the necessary personal traits in the educational process. Participants are pupils (N=125, age 7 - 18) and teachers (N= 30, age 32 - 64), all from the same regional school. A structured questionnaire developed on the basis of the theoretical studies was used. Ten traits for the effective pupil (discipline; freedom will power, courage make mistakes; curiosity; goal; comprehension; belief in self, responsibility; politeness) and effective teacher (strictness; friendliness; high expectations; the sense of humour; enthusiasm; care; explanatory; positivism; organized; politeness) were measured with ordinal and nominal scales. Results demonstrate a significant difference between expectations and actual state evaluation concerning the teachers - for pupils about: care, strictness, high expectations, enthusiasm; for teachers about friendliness, enthusiasm, sense of humour and care; concerning the pupils - for pupils about: curiosity, belief in self, responsibility, politeness, freedom, courage makes mistakes, comprehension; for teachers about freedom, curiosity, responsibility. The results suggest that difference in mutual expectations between teachers and pupils may interfere with the common awareness of the educational process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3rd International Conference on Lifelong Education and Leadership for All (ICLEL 2017)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings Paper
Place of PublicationSakarya
PublisherICLEL Conferences
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)978-605-66495-2-3
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd International Conference on Lifelong Education and Leadership for All - Porto, Portugal
Duration: 12 Sept 201714 Sept 2017
Conference number: 3


Conference3rd International Conference on Lifelong Education and Leadership for All
Abbreviated titleICLEL


  • teachers
  • pupils
  • communication
  • Expectations
  • traits

Field of Science*

  • 5.1 Psychology

Publication Type*

  • 3.1. Articles or chapters in proceedings/scientific books indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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