Refractive corneal inlay implantation outcomes: a preliminary systematic review

José María Sánchez-González (Coresponding Author), Davide Borroni, Rahul Rachwani-Anil, Carlos Rocha-de-Lossada

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    Purpose: To review all case series of refractive corneal inlay implantation: Flexivue (Presbia, Netherlands), Invue (BioVision, Brügg, Switzerland) and Icolens (Neoptics, Hünenberg, Switzerland) performed in presbyopia patients and to evaluate the reported visual outcomes. In addition, our aim is to provide assessment for complications and to report the satisfaction rates. Methods: PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases were consulted using “refractive corneal inlay”, “Flexivue Inlay”, “Invue Inlay” and “Icolens inlay” as keywords. 147 articles were found, and they were assessed considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria. After filtering, this systemic review included ten articles, published between 2011 and 2020. Results: 308 eyes from 308 participants were enrolled in this systematic review. Mean maximum follow-up was 13.9 months. Nine of the ten case series included used femtosecond laser for the corneal pocket creation. Mean pocket depth was 293.75 µm. 77.5% of the eyes reported a postoperative uncorrected near visual acuity of 20/32 or better, and 19.20% of the inlay-implanted eyes achieved an uncorrected distance visual acuity of 20/20 or better. The most prominent complications were halos, pain, photophobia, and poor distance visual acuity. 27 eyes (8.7%) had to be explanted due to complications, such as near-distance spectacle dependence or blurred distance vision. Conclusion: Refractive corneal inlay outcomes demonstrated high efficacy, safety, and satisfaction rates. Furthermore, it is a reversible technique. However, the findings must be viewed with caution due potential conflict of interest. Further research with higher sample size is needed to validate these findings.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)713-722
    Number of pages10
    JournalInternational Ophthalmology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


    • Flexivue inlay
    • Icolens inlay
    • Invue inlay
    • Refractive inlay

    Field of Science*

    • 3.2 Clinical medicine

    Publication Type*

    • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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