The relationship between beta-herpesviruses reactivation and the development of complications after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation was investigated. Viral genomic sequences were detected by the polymerase chain reaction, virus-specific antibodies by ELISA, and human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 variants by restriction endonuclease analysis. Virus reactivation, serum levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, soluble IL-2 receptor (sIL-2R), IL-2, and IL-4 were compared with clinical features in 44 patients before and after transplantation. Anti-CMV and anti-HHV-6 antibodies were found in 70.5% and 81.8% of patients, respectively. The frequency of plasma viremia was significantly higher in patients after transplantation (41% vs. 11.4%). Reactivation of more than one virus was identified in 55.6% of patients and reactivation of HHV-7 alone in 44.4%. In cases of concurrent infection, HHV-7 was reactivated before HHV-6, and both HHV-6 and HHV-7 were reactivated before CMV. There was a significant increase in HHV-6 load in peripheral blood leukocytes DNA during viremia. In all cases HHV-6B variant was detected. Complications after transplantation occurred in 27.3% of patients and virus reactivation was detected in all patients with complications. The significant increases in the rate of HHV-6 and HHV-7 reactivation and in serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, and sIL-2R, as well as aggravated immunosuppression, suggest that both viruses were involved in the complications after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, via their immunomodulatory activity. The kinetics of reactivation suggests a potential role of HHV-7 as a co-factor of HHV-6 reactivation, and of both HHV-6 and HHV-7 as co-factors of CMV reactivation.
- Post-transplant complications
- Virus reactivation kinetics
Field of Science
- 3.3 Health sciences
- 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database