Report of the MEDINE2 Bachelor of Medicine (Bologna First Cycle) Tuning Project

Michael T. Ross, Nebojša Nikolić, Griet Peeraer, Ahmet Murt, Juta Kroiča, Melih Elcin, David Hope, Allan D. Cumming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Background: European Higher Education institutions are expected to adopt a three-cycle system of Bachelor, Master and Doctor degrees as part of the Bologna Process. Tuning methodology was previously used by the MEDINE Thematic Network to gain consensus on core learning outcomes (LO) for primary medical degrees (Master of Medicine) across Europe. Aims: The current study, undertaken by the MEDINE2 Thematic Network, sought to explore stakeholder opinions on core LO for Bachelor of Medicine degrees. Method: Key stakeholders were invited to indicate, on a Likert scale, to what extent they thought students should have achieved each of the Master of Medicine LO upon successful completion of the first three years of university education in medicine (Bachelor of Medicine). Results: There were 560 responses to the online survey, representing medical students, academics, graduates, employers, patients, and virtually all EU countries. There was broad consensus between respondents that all LO previously defined for primary medical degrees should be achieved to some extent by the end of the first three years. Conclusions: The findings promote integration of undergraduate medical curricula, and also offer a common framework and terminology for discussing what a European Bachelor of Medicine graduate can and cannot do, promoting mobility, graduate employability and patient safety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-321
Number of pages8
JournalMedical Teacher
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Field of Science*

  • 5.3 Educational sciences

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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