Resilience of national media systems: Baltic media in the global network environment

Ragne Kõuts-Klemm (Coresponding Author), Anda Rožukalne, Deimantas Jastramskis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article aims to analyze the resilience of Baltic media systems in the global network environment. Resilience is here defined as media systems’ ability to survive despite the efflux of resources and loss of audiences’ attention and trust, and as the capacity to support a reliable, transparent, and diverse information sphere for the functioning of democracy. Using media market data from Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, the changes in the media during the last three decades will be analyzed. The analysis concludes that the implementation of media policy currently does not guarantee the resilience of small countries’ media systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-564
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Baltic Studies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Estonia
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • media system
  • resilience

Field of Science*

  • 5.8 Media and Communication

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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