Role of body bioelectrical impedance analysis in the assessment of the nutritional status of patients with inflammatory bowel disease and metabolic syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nutrition has an important role in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and metabolic syndrome (MS). The goal of this study was to assess the nutritive status of patients treated with IBD and metabolic syndrome in the Gastroenterology Centre, Pauls Stradinš Clinical University Hospital. Body bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) using GENIUS 220 PLUS (Jawon Medical) was used to determine Body Mass Index (BMI) kg/m2, Metabolic Body Fat (MBF) kg, Soft Lean Mass (SLM) kg, Total Body Water (TBW) kg, body composition, metabolic type, Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) kcal, and total Energy Expenditure (TEE) kcal in patients with BD and metabolic syndrome and in a similarly aged control group. The obtained data showed that BMI was not correlated with MBF, BTW and Lean Body Mass (LBM). Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) had normal value of BMI (M 24.3 kg/m2; F 20.2kg/m2), but we found variety-specific differences in body composition that confirmed deficiency or increase of specific bodyparameters. The performed prospective study confirmed the importance of the more precise nutritional status analysis, as it was clinically useful for the nutritional management of IBD. Patients with CD had expressed nutrient deficiency, sarcopenia, and reduced amount of proteins and minerals. For patients with MS, sarcopenia was present despite obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-127
Number of pages3
JournalProceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences, Section B: Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioelectrical impedance
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Nutritional status

Field of Science

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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