Role of Single Nucleotide Variants in FSHR, GNRHR, ESR2 and LHCGR Genes in Adolescents with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Lasma Lidaka (Coresponding Author), Laine Beķere, Adele Rota, Jekaterina Isakova, Gunta Lazdāne, Anda Ķīvīte-Urtāne, Iveta Dzīvīte-Krišāne, Inga Kempa, Zane Dobele, Linda Gailīte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy in women, affecting up to 16.6% of reproductive-age women. PCOS symptoms in adolescents comprise oligomenorrhoea/amenorrhoea and biochemical and/or clinical hyperandrogenism. Long-term health risks of PCOS patients include infertility, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Genetic factors have been proven to play a role in development of the syndrome and its symptoms. Objective: To investigate single nucleotide variants (SNVs) in the GNRHR, ESR2, LHCGR and FSHR genes in adolescent patients with PCOS and their association with PCOS symptoms. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study comprising of 152 adolescents: 63 patients with PCOS, 22 patients at risk of developing PCOS and 67 healthy controls. Participants were recruited from out-patients attending a gynaecologist at the Children’s Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia, between January 2017 and December 2020. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood, and SNVs in the GNRHR, ESR2, LHCGR and FSHR genes were genotyped. The distributions of SNV genotypes were compared among the three groups and genotype-phenotype associations within the PCOS group were evaluated. Results: No statistically significant differences were found in the distributions of genotypes for GNRHR (rs104893837), ESR2 (rs4986938), LHCGR (rs2293275) and FSHR (rs6166, rs6165, rs2349415) among PCOS patients, risk patients and healthy controls. Within the PCOS group, ESR2 rs4986938 minor allele homozygous patients had a significantly higher level of total testosterone than major allele homozygous patients and heterozygous patients. A significantly higher total testosterone level was also observed in PCOS patients carrying the LHCGR rs2293275 minor allele compared with major allele homozygous patients. Conclusions: The SNVs ESR2 rs4986938 and LHCGR rs2293275 play a role in the phenotypic characteristics of PCOS. To fully uncover their influence on the development of PCOS and its symptoms, further studies of larger cohorts and a follow up of this study sample through to adulthood are required. Furthermore, studies of adolescent PCOS patients conducted prior to the latest European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) criteria (2018) should be re-evaluated as the study groups might include risk patients according to these updated criteria, thereby potentially significantly impacting the published results.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2327
Number of pages11
JournalDiagnostics
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2021

Keywords*

  • adolescents
  • genetics
  • GNRHR
  • ESR2
  • LHCGR
  • FSHR
  • polycystic ovary syndrome

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine
  • 3.1 Basic medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.4. Reviewed scientific article published in Latvia or abroad in a scientific journal with an editorial board (including university editions)

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