Self-Assessment Of Physical And Mental Health During The Sars-Cov-2 Pandemic In Latvian Pregnant Women

Paula Rudzīte, Dārta Jakovicka, Laila Meija (Scientific Reviewer), Vinita Cauce (Scientific Reviewer)

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives. Currently, there is no data available on the physical and mental health changes of pregnant women during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Latvia. The aim was to find out the self-assessment of a woman’s physical and mental health in the perinatal period in the context of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Latvia. Materials and methods. Study has been implemented within the framework of the Latvian Council of Sciences project Nr.lzp-2019/1-0335. This cross-sectional study included 34 pregnant women in the third trimester and 253 new mothers until 7th day post-partum in 8 Latvian health care institutions, who consented to participating in a personal interview from July to November in year 2020. Data were analyzed by IBM SPSS. Results. In 60.5% (n=170) of cases women denied the pandemic having impact on their physical activity, in 23.5 % (n=66) took more frequent walks, but in 18.5 % (n=52) reduced physical activity. Medium-intensity 30-minute physical exercises were performed daily or almost daily by 9.9% (n=28) of respondents, while 51.1% (n=145) performed them few times a year or not at all. 73.5% (n = 205) of respondents had a pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) of up to 25kg/m2, 26.5% (n = 74) of respondents of more than 25 kg/m2. Woman’s prepregnancy BMI was not statistically significant related to self-assessment of their physical and mental health (p> 0.05). In 55.7% (n=141) of cases women denied the pandemic having impact on their mental health, 32.4% (n=82) had health fears, 24.5% (n=62) lacked communication with others, 7.9% (n=19) were sad, and 16.6% (n=42) of women were afraid of the unknown. Conclusions. SARS-CoV-2 pandemic could be an additional subjective risk factor in the physical and mental wellbeing of pregnant women, which will need to be further researched to offer and adapt the support structures for maintaining these aspects of health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages197
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2021
EventRīga Stradiņš University International Student Conference “Health and Social Sciences” - Rīga, Latvia
Duration: 22 Mar 202123 Mar 2021
https://isc.rsu.lv/

Conference

ConferenceRīga Stradiņš University International Student Conference “Health and Social Sciences”
Country/TerritoryLatvia
CityRīga
Period22/03/2123/03/21
Internet address

Keywords*

  • Pregnancy
  • pregnant women
  • Woman
  • women’s health
  • Mental health
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • SARS-COV-2
  • Covid-19
  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Physical activity

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine
  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 3.4. Other publications in conference proceedings (including local)

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