Objectives: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown etiology that in 90% of cases affects the lungs. Calcium metabolism testing can be useful in diagnostics. The aim of the study was to assess the correlation between calcium metabolism and sarcoidosis form of manifestation/demographic indicators. Material and methods: In a retrospective study medical records of all patients (n = 699) who had been hospitalized with suspected sarcoidosis in a specialized clinic of Riga Eastern Clinical University Hospital during the period from January 1 st , 2013 until December 31 st , 2014 were analyzed. Further analysis included only patients with histologically and/or clinically confirmed sarcoidosis (n = 281). Results: Patients' average age at the time of diagnosis was 39 ±13 years. Elevated serum calcium was observed in 9.9% of cases. A statistically significant correlation was found between serum calcium and age (p < 0.01). There was an association between serum calcium and gender (p < 0.05) - levels were higher in men (2.43 mmol/l) than in women (2.40 mmol/l). Elevated calcium in 24-hour urine was observed in 22.7% of patients. The mean value was 232.3 mg/24 h, levels were higher in men (258.7 mg/24 h) than in women (202.3 mg/24 h), and the association with gender was statistically significant (p < 0.01). Conclusions: We can conclude that in Latvia sarcoidosis affects mostly young and middle-aged people. Both serum calcium and calcium in 24-hour urine are important parameters for sarcoidosis diagnostics. Hypercalcemia was found in 9.9% of patients, hypercalciuria in 22.7% of patients, and both were statistically significantly higher in men, regardless of age.
- Serum calcium level
Field of Science*
- 3.2 Clinical medicine
- 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database