SETTLEMENT IN RESOLUTION OF CRIMINAL CONFLICTS

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

In response to the recent dynamics of society development, European states have been considering the concept of settlement as an alternative means of criminal conflict resolution. This alternative is particularly important in the context of European Parliament and Council Directive 2012/29/ES (25 October 2012), which defines the rights of crime victims as well as minimum standarts of support and defence. Criminal procedure resolves certain types of conflicts. Article 1 of the Criminal Procedure Law (henceforth the CPL) of Latvia [1], defines the aim of the law emphasizing the fact that the criminal procedure secures the effective application of the criminal law norms and fair adjustment of relevant legal relations without justified interference into a person’s life. Legislators have indicated the fair resolution of a conflict, emerged as a result of a criminal act, as one of the ways to attain the aim. Reconciliation as a criminal conflict resolution in the Latvian criminal procedure is best realized as amicable settlement.
This paper analyzes various perspectives on the use of a settlement in the resolution of criminal conflicts and offers a new proposal for enhancing the CPL. In addition, the paper analyzes legal norms and identifies various perspectives of theoreticians of the criminal procedure law with pertinence to the concept of settlement.
This paper also offers a unique perspective on a wider use of settlement in the resolution of criminal conflicts and proposes to implement amendments into the CPL.
Amicable settlement is considered both a tool restoring justice and means to reduce harm created by a criminal act. The foundation of justice restoration is not punishment but reconciliation and compensation for the caused harm. It embodies yet another perspective on public response to a committed criminal act. In society in which punishment is seen as a repayment, the victim gets the least because the interests of the state and abstract society are prioritized.
Application of amicable settlement would reduce the numbers of criminal procedures, would reduce law enforcement workload, would speed up the process of criminals’ resocialization, would facilitate the healing process for victims and would facilitate victims’ reintegration into society, would educate the society and would form the trust in the ability to take responsibility.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSGEM 2015
Subtitle of host publicationPOLITICAL SCIENCES, LAW, FINANCE, ECONOMICS AND TOURISM
Pages663-670
VolumeI
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event2nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts - Albena, Bulgaria
Duration: 26 Aug 20151 Sep 2015
Conference number: 2

Publication series

NameInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific Conferences on Social Sciences and Arts

Conference

Conference2nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts
Abbreviated titleSGEM2015
Country/TerritoryBulgaria
CityAlbena
Period26/08/151/09/15

Keywords*

  • conflict
  • criminal procedure
  • settlement

Field of Science*

  • 5.5 Law

Publication Type*

  • 3.1. Articles or chapters in proceedings/scientific books indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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