By passaging microcell hybrids (MCHs) containing human chromosome 3 (chr3) on A9 mouse fibrosarcoma background through severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice (elimination test), we have previously defined a 1-Mb-long common eliminated region 1 (CER1) at 3p21.3, a second eliminated region (ER2) at 3p21.1-p14 and a common retained region (CRR) at 3q26-qter. In the present work, chr3 was transferred by microcell fusion into the human nonpapillary renal cell carcinoma line KH39 that contained uniparentally disomic chr3. Four MCHs were generated. Compared with KH39, they developed fewer and smaller tumors, which grew after longer latency periods in SCID mice. The tumors were analyzed in comparison with corresponding MCHs by chr3 arm-specific painting, 19 fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) probes, and 27 polymorphic markers. Three MCHs that maintained the intact exogenous chr3 in vitro lost one 3p copy in all 11 tumors. Seven of 11 tumors lost the exogenous 3p, whereas four tumors contained mixed cell populations that lacked either the exogenous or one endogenous KH39 derived 3p. In one MCH the exogenous chr3 showed deletions within CER1 and ER2 already in vitro. It remained essentially unchanged in 8/9 derived tumors. The third, exogenous copy of the 3q26-q27 region (part of CRR) was retained in 16/20 tumors. It can be concluded that the human/human MICH-based elimination test identifies similar eliminated and retained regions on chr3 as the human/murine MCH-based test.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Jan 2001|
Field of Science*
- 3.2 Clinical medicine
- 1.6 Biological sciences