The objectives of the paper are to analyze how the reasons of emigration are connected with a person's sense of belonging and loyalty to the country of origin and the ties within the social network and the local community.Keywords: social support, well-being, emigration, community. In order to achieve the study’s goals, the qualitative study methodology is used based on biographical approach in social sciences considering personal experience as an important resource in the study of social life as well as in the analysis of the interaction in community. Quantitative data from emigrants’ survey are used in the paper as well. This study is based on 25 life story interviews with expatriates who emigrated to Sweden after the restoration of Latvia independence in 1991. Thematic analysis of life stories as theoretical approach as well the data form emigrants' survey are used for sociological study. This information reveals the social factors influencing the motivation to emigrate. The social
factors influencing the well-being of families with children are of a great importance similarly to economic factors in decision making to emigrate.
Biographical interviews and survey data reveal that poor social support (instrumental, financial, informative, emotional) both in
community as well as in closest social network, problems with access to
services (education, health) and risk of social exclusion are the reasons that motivate emigration. The
social support is closely connected with social integration. Access to
social support, possibilities to use different kinds of it
is essential factor of individual well-being, lack of social support
could facilitate social exclusion and isolation.
The researche is funded by the Latvian Council of Science: Project "Narrative Perspectives on Intergenerational Transmission of Memory", project No. lzp-2018/1-0458 and "Exploring Well-Being and Social Integration in the Context of Liquid Migration: A Longitudinal Approach", project No.Izp.-2018 - 0042.
- 3.4. Other publications in conference proceedings (including local)