Sternocleidomastoid Muscle and Head Position: How to Minimize Muscle Tension

Simona Rubine-Gatina, Nadina Rimere, Zane Zundane (Coresponding Author), Alise Guļājeva, Jeļena Reste

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OCCUPATIONAL APPLICATIONS: The coronavirus disease pandemic has changed the setting of many jobs, forcing people to switch to remote work. In turn, telework is associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal disorders, as it is difficult to ensure an ergonomically correct work environment at home. Complaints of headaches, neck pain, and dizziness are reported by both young and old people. One of the reasons for such complaints might be an incorrect head position and prolonged tension in the neck muscles that is directly correlated with a spatially misaligned computer monitor and peripherals. We examined biomechanical parameters of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and found that it is possible to reduce tension in this muscle by keeping the head in an appropriate angular range to minimize potential health risks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalIISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors
Early online date1 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022


  • ergonomics
  • myotonometry
  • sternocleidomastoid muscle
  • monitor positioning

Field of Science*

  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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