Synthesis and Evaluation of Self-Assembling Properties of 3-(3,5-Difluoro-3,5-bis((alkoxy)carbonyl)-2,6-dioxoheptan-4-yl)-1-methylpyridin-1-ium Iodides

Nadiia Pikun, Davis Lacis, Arkadij Sobolev, Martins Rucins, Mara Plotniece, Karlis Pajuste, Aiva Plotniece (Coresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A synthesis of 3-(3,5-difluoro-3,5-bis((alkoxy)carbonyl)-2,6-dioxoheptan-4-yl)-1-methylpyridin-1-ium iodides with ethyl or nonyl ester groups at positions 3 and 5 was performed. Treatment of the corresponding 2’,6’-dimethyl-1’,4’-dihydro-[3,4’-bipyridine]-3’,5’-dicarboxylates with Selectfluor® followed by quaternization of pyridine moiety in the obtained dialkyl 2,4-diacetyl-2,4-difluoro-3-(pyridin-3-yl)pentanedioates with methyl iodide gave the desired 3-(3,5-difluoro-3,5-bis((alkoxy)carbonyl)-2,6-dioxoheptan-4-yl)-1-methylpyridin-1-ium iodides. This type of compound would be useful as synthetic lipids for further development of the delivery systems. The obtained target compounds were fully characterized by1H NMR,19F NMR,13C NMR, HRMS, IR and UV data. The estimation of self-assembling properties and characterization of the nanoparticles obtained by ethanol solution injection in an aqueous media were performed by dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements. DLS measurement data showed that 3-(3,5-difluoro-3,5-bis((nonyloxy)carbonyl)-2,6-dioxoheptan-4-yl)-1-methylpyridin-1-ium iodide created liposomes with the average diameter of 300–400 nm and polydispersity index (PDI) value around 0.30–0.40, while 3-(3,5-difluoro-3,5-bis((ethyloxy)carbonyl)-2,6-dioxoheptan-4-yl)-1-methylpyridin-1-ium iodide formed a heterogeneous sample with PDI value 1, which was not prospective for delivery system development.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberM1402
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • 2,4-diacetyl-2,4-difluoro-3-pyridinylpentanedioates
  • DLS
  • nanoparticles
  • pyridinium
  • Selectfluor®
  • self-assembling properties
  • synthetic lipids

Field of Science*

  • 1.4 Chemical sciences
  • 1.6 Biological sciences
  • 3.1 Basic medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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