The complementary effect of rs1042522 in TP53 and rs1805007 in MC1R is associated with an elevated risk of cutaneous melanoma in Latvian population

Aija Ozola, Dace Ruklisa, Dace Pjanova (Coresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Genetic factors serve important roles in melanoma susceptibility. Although much genetic variation has been associated with cutaneous melanoma (CM), little is known about the interactions between genetic variants. The current study investigated the joint effect of rs1042522 in the tumour protein 53 (TP53) gene, rs2279744 in the murine double minute-2 (MDM2) gene and several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene. All of these genes are interconnected in a single signalling pathway that regulates pigmentation. The current study included 479 individuals, of which, 255 were patients with CM and 224 were controls from the Latvian population. Multifaceted analyses of potential interactions between SNPs were performed, whilst taking into account the pigmentation phenotypes of individuals and tumour characteristics (Breslow thickness and ulceration). Univariate analyses revealed a borderline significant association between rs1042522 in the TP53 gene and CM risk. The results also confirmed a known association with rs1805007 in the MC1R gene. The rs1042522 was also selected as a CM risk factor in multivariate models, suggesting an effect that is independent from and complementary to that of rs1805007. The results indicated that these SNPs need to be taken into account when determining melanoma risk. A strong association between CM and red hair was identified for rs1805007, and rs1805008 in the MC1R gene was mainly associated with red hair. An association was also determined between rs2279744 in the MDM2 gene and brown eye colour. No convincing associations were identified between the analysed SNPs and Breslow thickness of tumours or ulcerations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5225-5234
Number of pages10
JournalOncology Letters
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Melanocortin 1 receptor gene
  • Melanoma
  • Murine double minute-2 gene
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism
  • Tumor protein 53 gene

Field of Science*

  • 1.6 Biological sciences
  • 3.1 Basic medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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