The Distribution of Matrix Metalloproteinase-2, Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 and Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-4 in Psoriatic Skin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the appearance and distribution of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), tissue
inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-4 (TIMP-4) in
lesional skin biopsies of psoriasis patients.
Study Design: Observational study.
Place and Duration of Study: Institute of Anatomy and Anthropology and Department of
Infectology and Dermatology, Rīga Stradiņš University, between September 2013 and June 2014.
Methodology: We included 40 patients (31 men, 9 women; age range 18-70 years) with
Psoriasis vulgaris, with present characteristic psoriatic eruptions in typical localization sites and no treatment received. Skin samples were obtained using routine punch biopsy method. 10 clinically healthy skin samples obtained during nevus excision procedure were used as control material. Altissue specimens were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and by immunohistochemistry for MMP2, TIMP-2 and TIMP-4. The intensity of staining was graded semiquantitatively. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient was calculated.
Results: In psoriasis patients numerous MMP-2-containing keratinocytes were found in epidermis, MMP-2 positive dermal fibroblasts and inflammatory cells varied from few to abundant. Few epidermal cells and moderate to numerous dermal cells contained TIMP-2. Moderate to numerous epidermal and dermal cells contained TIMP-4. Statistically significant strong positive correlation was found between MMP-2 in epidermis and dermis (Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient =.878, P = .000). Statistically significant moderate positive correlation was found between TIMP-2 and TIMP-4 in dermis (Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient = .639, P = .000) and between TIMP-2 in epidermis and dermis (Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient = .564, P = .000).
Conclusion: TIMP-4 seems to be most important inhibitor of psoriatic skin degeneration, richly
raised by MMP-2. Its moderate correlation with TIMP-2 proves involvement of other tissue
inhibitors in the degeneration inhibition and gives evidence about possible patterning between the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)883-890
JournalBritish Journal of Medicine and Medical Research
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords*

  • Matrix metalloproteinase
  • endopeptidase
  • tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase
  • psoriasis

Field of Science*

  • 3.1 Basic medicine
  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.4. Reviewed scientific article published in Latvia or abroad in a scientific journal with an editorial board (including university editions)

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