The Doctrine of “in Loco Parentis” in Anglo-Saxon Legal Systems and in the Republic of Latvia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Downloads (Pure)


This publication analyses the “in loco parentis” doctrine of Anglo-Saxon law, which means “in place of parents”. In particular, the authors seek to reveal the content, historical aspects of this concept and its expression in the Latvian legal system. This can be applied, for example, to the duty of employees of an educational institution who are required as part of their role to exercise a duty of care, as well as to enforce discipline, as aspects of cooperation between parents and the school. The practice of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in connection with the “in loco parentis” doctrine is highlighted. The authors conduct a study using methods of interpreting the rules of law adopted in legal science: grammatical, historical, comparative, teleological method. An educational institution as a structure authorized by the state per se can be viewed as having an equivalent responsibility to that of a child’s parents. That is, the school, like parents, has an obligation to take care of the child, especially in relation to the child’s psycho-emotional well-being and physical safety. So, should the school staff take care of the child the same way the parents do? In the case of the Republic of Latvia, this is most clearly reflected in the scientific knowledge of pedagogy and in the practice of daily education.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293–308
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the University of Latvia. Law
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • in loco parentis
  • education law
  • parents’ rights and duties
  • liability
  • schooling
  • parens patriae

Field of Science*

  • 5.5 Law

Publication Type*

  • 1.4. Reviewed scientific article published in Latvia or abroad in a scientific journal with an editorial board (including university editions)


Dive into the research topics of 'The Doctrine of “in Loco Parentis” in Anglo-Saxon Legal Systems and in the Republic of Latvia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this