The Emotional Intelligence features of substance use disorders patients: Pilot research results

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Previous research has revealed that differences in Emotional Intelligence (EI) competency existed related to gender and substance use disorders (SUD). Moreover, SUD patients had a high correlation between EI and drug/alcohol use 13, 14, 15, 16. Objective: The aim of this pilot research project is to establish and describe SUD patient personality factors relating to Emotional Intelligence and its constituting competencies. Method: Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory - EQ-i 3 was used as the research instrument, which was adapted in Latvia by A.Gaitniece-Putane 38 that includes five factors and 15 respective scales. Result: The target population for this research were SUD patients (n=241) - 154 (63,9%) men, with an average age of 38,5 (SD=10,7) and 87 (36,1%) women, with an average age of 37,8 (SD=11,2; t=0,485; p=0,628) from two departments of Riga Centre of Psychiatry and Addiction Disorders. There were 183 alcoholics and 58 drug addicts in the participant group. There were statistically significant differences for alcoholics and drug addicts in two EI factors (Interpersonal and Adaptation) and on five scales (Self-actualization, Empathy, Social Responsibility, Problem Solving, and Impulse Control Scales). There were statistically significant differences between genders in the Interpersonal factor and on the Empathy and Social Responsibility scales. There were statistically significant differences for male alcoholics and drug addicts in the Interpersonal and Adaptation factors and on four scales (Self-actualization, Empathy, Social Responsibility, Problem Solving), but no difference on the Impulse Control scale. There were statistically significant differences for female alcoholics and drug addicts on only one EI scale (Problem Solving). Conclusion: SUD patient EI indicators had a tendency to higher indicators, which leads one to believe that addict patients had difficulty being critical towards themselves, their illness and other people in their lives. This study requires additional investigation including repeat testing of the participant group six months after treatment as well as enlarging the sample group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-501
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine and Public Health
Volume4
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • Alcoholics
  • Drug addicts
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Gender difference

Field of Science

  • 3.1 Basic medicine
  • 5.1 Psychology

Publication Type

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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