The Impact of Metal Age® Training Programme on the Well-Being of Latvian Office Workers

Dagmāra Sprūdža, Lasma Kozlova, Svetlana Lakiša, Inese Martiņsone, Ivars Vanadziņš, Mārīte Ārija Baķe, Renārs Erts

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There are many factors that affect the well-being and health of employees and the productivity of organisations. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the Metal Age training programme (MA®) on the well-being of office workers, including investigation of work ability, the stress-causing factors and role of leadership. The study was carried out using questions from four international questionnaires about stress, leadership, and work ability. The intervention group had a training course between the surveys using the ME® method. Several employee stress-causing factors were identified: bad relationship with their workmates was mentioned by 94% of workers; competitive and strenuous atmosphere - by more than 80%; psychological violence or bullying at the workplace by more than 80%, and more than 75% of employee's could not relax after work. Wellness and microclimate in the workplaces were on a relatively high level: the average rating of seven Kiva questions was 7.5. The respondent attitude after ME® did not change significantly. Latvian office workers displayed moderate and good work ability (Work Ability Index, WAI 34.5-38.6). The best work ability was shown in the age group from 20 to 49 (WAI 34.8-39.4); work ability decreased with age. The best correlation was observed between Work Ability Index and "get into situations, that invoke negative feelings" (r = 0.26) and "carrying out ongoing tasks because of other intervening or more urgent matters" (r = -0.24). After ME® the reaction to some stress-causing factors was improved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-324
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences, Section B: Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • office workers
  • social inclusion
  • stress at work
  • work ability

Field of Science*

  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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