The legislative backgrounds of workplace health promotion in three European countries: A comparative analysis

Rasa Šidagyte, Maija Eglite, Anne Salmi, Dovile Šoryte, Ivars Vanadziņš, Leila Hopsu, Jaana Lerssi-Uskelin, Laima Bulotaite, Lasma Kozlova, Svetlana Lakiša, Sigita Vičaite

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This article investigates the legal database and theoretical basis of workplace health promotion (WHP) in three European countries: Finland, Latvia and Lithuania, and aims to find insights into effective WHP implementation. Methods: In November 2013, a stakeholders' survey was carried out. The questionnaire included questions about legal documents and non-legislative measures relevant to WHP, institutions and other bodies/organizations working in the field, WHP conception/definition, and implementation of WHP activities according to the enterprises' size. Results: Only Finland has adopted a specific law on occupational health care (separate from occupational safety). ILO conventions No. 161 (Occupational Health Services Convention) and No. 187 (Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health Convention) are ratified only in Finland. In Finland, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health acts as one ministry, while two Baltic countries have two separate ministries (one for health and another for social affairs). None of the countries has legally approved a definition of WHP. Latvia and Lithuania tend to separate WHP from other activities, whereas Finland integrates WHP into other occupational health and safety elements. Conclusions: Finland has a more extensive legislative and organizational background to WHP than Latvia and Lithuania. In defining WHP, all the countries refer to the Luxembourg Declaration on Workplace Health Promotion in the European Union. Finland's practice of integrating WHP into other occupational health and safety elements is important.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18
JournalJournal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2015

Keywords

  • Enterprise
  • Legislation
  • Occupational health
  • Workplace health promotion

Field of Science

  • 3.3 Health sciences
  • 3.1 Basic medicine

Publication Type

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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