Doctoral thesis “The problems of legal relations of minor patients and medical practitioners during the process of medical treatment” is a scientific research, where issues that arise from the legal relations of minor patients and medical practitioners are analyzed in depth and systematically. During the course of the doctoral thesis the following things are analyzed: the special status of minor patients in the medical treatment process, characteristics of the rights of medical practitioners in treating minor patients, as well analysis of the basic principles of the legal protection of minors during the medical treatment process and the problems of applying the legal framework regarding the rights of minor patients. The issues of the legal relations between the minor patients and the medical personnel have not been thoroughly studied in Latvia from the perspective of protection of the rights and interests of minor patients as a special patient group. Despite the fact that health is one of the basic values of any person, including the minor patient, which results in a series of legal issues in certain areas of the law, adequate attention to management of mutual relations of the minor patients and medical personnel and the resulting problems is lacking. Therefore many of the subjects, addressed in the Doctoral thesis, are focused on the resolution of the potential and the existing issues. The objective of the doctoral thesis is to develop scientific research on the problems of the legal relations between minor patients and medical practitioners, to put forward proposals on improving the legal framework, as well as creating theoretical basis for improving the legal relationship of minor patients and medical practitioners during the medical treatment. The Doctoral thesis consists of introduction, five chapters, which are divided into sections, finishing chapter, which includes conclusions and proposals, as well as list of references and annexes. The aforementioned work structure has been selected, first, to provide insight into the characteristics and issued of the special status of a minor patient, and the role of the medical personnel and the subjects, affecting their activities, in the context of ensuring the rights and interests of minor patients. The doctoral thesis identifies issues, which result from the legal relations between the medical practitioner and minor patients, formulates proposals to improve the legal framework in Latvia, as well as creates theoretical basis for the improvement of the legal relations between minor patients and medical practitioners.