The Relationship between Suicide Ideation, Depressive Symptoms and Personality Traits in Elderly: Pilot Study Results

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Abstract

Healthy aging and the research on the related factors is one of the World Health
Organization's priorities for the 2020-2030 years. Depression and suicidal ideation can
adversely affect an individual's aging experience. Personality traits are important factors that
allow to predict the individual's behavior in different situations, as well as the accurance of
emotional difficulties. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between
symptoms of depression, suicidal ideation and personality traits in elderly, and to determine
whether the relationship between personality traits and suicidal ideation remains statistically
significant after controlling the severity of depression symptoms. Thirty nine respondents aged 65 and over were included in the pilot study (M = 71.23; SD = 4.95). The Latvian Clinical Personality Inventory (LCPI) was used for data collection. The results indicate a statistically significant relationship between several personality traits, depression symptoms and suicidal
ideation for elderly. Controlling the severity of depression symptoms, statistically significant
correlations were found between suicidal ideation and personality traits such as distrust, social withdrawal, self-harm, dissociation proneness on facet level and introversion on domain level. The results of the pilot study largely coincide with the results of previous studies and indicate that certain personality traits, irrespective of the degree of severity of depression symptoms, can explain an additional variation in suicidal thoughts and, hence, the risk of suicide for elderly. It would be important to conduct a study with similar variables in a larger sample.
Translated title of the contributionThe Relationship between Suicide Ideation, Depressive Symptoms and Personality Traits in Elderly: Pilot Study Results
Original languageLatvian
Pages (from-to)129-139
JournalSociety. Integration. Education=Sabiedrība. Integrācija. Izglītība
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventInternational Scientific Conference “Society. Integration. Education.” - Rēzekne, Latvia
Duration: 25 May 201826 May 2018

Keywords

  • elderly
  • depression symptoms
  • personality traits
  • suicidal ideation

Field of Science

  • 3.5 Other medical sciences
  • 5.1 Psychology
  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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