The subject of this doctoral thesis is the Role of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in the Development of International Trade: History, Problems and Perspectives of International Trade law. The purpose of the present thesis is to explore the role of the WTO in the development of international trade, to research the possibilities of resolving trade disputes within the framework of the WTO law, to identify strengths and weaknesses of Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU), to determine the status of a developing country and elaborate recommendations for the improvement of WTO legislation in compliance with fair trade. The present doctoral thesis consists of four chapters: The first chapter reviews international trade and main aspects of WTO legislation, analyses rules for international trade, defines strategy for WTO trade policy and the principles of legal pluralism and inter-legality, establishes correlation of norms of international law examines trade tensions and elaborates proposals for their solution. The second chapter, attempting to determine developing country status in the WTO, explores the categorization of a developing country by the World Bank, United Nations and International Monetary Fund (IMF). Experience of developing countries with enforcement of DSU rulings is analysed. Furthermore, application of more consultations and mediation at DSU is suggested as it would turn Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) into a more practical tool. This chapter also focuses on political stability and trade agreements as well as national security and cybersecurity which ensure the simplicity, stability and neutrality of trade agreements. The third chapter examines the peculiarities of legal status and overviews WTO disputes involving subsidies in the renewable energy sector that follows the WTO agenda. The fourth chapter reviews the trade policies and practices of Georgia as well as Georgia-WTO relationship in the historical context. The author retrospects trade relations between Georgia and Russia which, as the author qualifies, eventually developed into the “trade war” with a very clear political connotation and precedential character. This is the only and first attempt ever to analyse this case and to give it the qualification of “the trade war”. The present thesis consists of 196 pages and includes introduction, four chapters, conclusions, suggestions and interviews.
- Sector – Legal Science, Subsection – International Law;
- World Trade Organization
- General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade
- General Agreements on Trade in Services
- European Union
- The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights