Towards autocephalous Orthodox Church of Ukraine: trend or unique situation? Comparison with Latvia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Following the annexation of Crimea and the military conflict in eastern Ukraine, relations between Ukraine and Russia deteriorated, including the area of the Orthodox church. Until now, the only recognized Orthodox church in Ukraine was the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate. However, in early 2019, the Patriarchate of Constantinople granted autocephaly or independence to new Orthodox Church of Ukraine, thus officially recognizing it. The annexation of Crimea and the military conflict in eastern Ukraine led Latvia also to review its relations with Russia, including the area of the Orthodox Church. For example, starting from summer 2019, the head of the Latvian Orthodox Church, which is under the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Moscow, metropolitans and bishops must be Latvian citizens who have lived in Latvia for the last 10 years. In addition, at the end of the year, the “Latvian Orthodox Autonomous Church in the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Constantinople” was registered – a structure parallel to the Latvian Orthodox Church. Considering that Latvia and Ukraine are in the sphere of Russian foreign policy interests, that both countries are subject to Russian compatriot policy, that both countries have a large number of parishioners of the Orthodox Churches under the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Moscow, it was decided to examine whether granting autocephaly to the Orthodox Church of Ukraine is a unique situation, or it is also possible in Latvia. Within the framework of this article, the preconditions that led to the establishment of the autocephalous church in Ukraine were clarified, as well as it was examined whether such preconditions exist in Latvia. It was concluded that the necessary condition for the establishment of an autocephalous church in Ukraine is the historical basis, in particular, the independence of the Ukrainian Church before transferring of the Kiev Metropolitanate to the Moscow Patriarchate in 1686, while the sufficient condition is the tendency of then-President Petro Poroshenko to legitimize power. Such preconditions do not exist in Latvia
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 62nd International Scientific Conference of Daugavpils University
Subtitle of host publicationPart C. Humanities
EditorsIrēna Kokina
Place of PublicationDaugavpils
PublisherDaugavpils University
Pages16-24
ISBN (Print)978-9984-14-927-1
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventDaugavpils Universitātes 62. starptautiskā zinātniskā konference = the 62nd International Scientific Conference of Daugavpils University - Daugavpils, Latvia
Duration: 28 May 202029 May 2020
Conference number: 62

Conference

ConferenceDaugavpils Universitātes 62. starptautiskā zinātniskā konference = the 62nd International Scientific Conference of Daugavpils University
Country/TerritoryLatvia
CityDaugavpils
Period28/05/2029/05/20

Keywords

  • church
  • orthodoxy
  • religion
  • Ukraine
  • Latvia

Field of Science

  • 6.1 History and Archaeology
  • 6.3 Philosophy, Ethics and Religion

Publication Type

  • 3.2. Articles or chapters in other proceedings other than those included in 3.1., with an ISBN or ISSN code

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Towards autocephalous Orthodox Church of Ukraine: trend or unique situation? Comparison with Latvia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this