Treatment strategies and survival of patients with connective tissue disease and pulmonary arterial hypertension: A COMPERA analysis

Oliver Distler (Coresponding Author), Christian Ofner, Dörte Huscher, Suzana Jordan, Silvia Ulrich, Gerd Stähler, Ekkehard Grünig, Matthias Held, H Ardeschir Ghofrani, Martin Claussen, Tobias J Lange, Hans Klose, Stephan Rosenkranz, Anton Vonk-Noordegraaf, C Dario Vizza, Marion Delcroix, Christian Opitz, Christine Pausch, Laura Scelsi, Claus NeurohrKaren M Olsson, J Gerry Coghlan, Michael Halank, Dirk Skowasch, Jürgen Behr, Katrin Milger, Bjoern Andrew Remppis, Andris Skride, Elena Jureviciene, Lina Gumbiene, Skaidrius Miliauskas, Judith Löffler-Ragg, Heinrike Wilkens, David Pittrow, Marius M Hoeper, Ralf Ewert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) occurs in various connective tissue diseases (CTDs). We sought to assess contemporary treatment patterns and survival of patients with various forms of CTD-PAH.

METHODS: We analysed data from COMPERA, a European pulmonary hypertension registry, to describe treatment strategies and survival in patients with newly diagnosed PAH associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), mixed CTD (MCTD), undifferentiated CTD (UCTD), and other types of CTD. All-cause mortality was analysed according to the underlying CTD. For patients with SSc-PAH, we also assessed survival according to initial therapy with endothelin receptor antagonists (ERA), phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i), or a combination of these two drug classes.

RESULTS: This analysis included 607 patients with CTD-PAH. Survival estimates at 1-, 3- and 5-years for SSc-PAH (n = 390) were 85%, 59% and 42%; for SLE-PAH (n = 34), 97%, 77% and 61%; for MCTD-PAH (n = 33), 97%, 70% and 59%, for UCTD (n = 60), 88%, 67%, and 52%; and for other CTD (n = 90), 92%, 69%, and 55%, respectively. After multivariable adjustment, the survival of patients with SSc-PAH was significantly worse compared with the other conditions (p= 0.001). In these patients, the survival estimates were significantly better with initial ERA/PDE5i combination therapy than with initial ERA or PDE5i monotherapy (p= 0.016 and p= 0.012, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Mortality remains high in patients with CTD-PAH, especially for patients with SSc-PAH. However, for patients with SSc-PAH, our results suggest that long-term survival may be improved with initial ERA/PDE5i combination therapy compared with initial monotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Jul 2023
Externally publishedYes

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


Dive into the research topics of 'Treatment strategies and survival of patients with connective tissue disease and pulmonary arterial hypertension: A COMPERA analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this