Two HLA DRB 1 alleles confer independent genetic susceptibility to graves disease: Relevance of cross-population studies

Mara Marga, Alla Denisova, Artur Sochnev, Valdis Pirags, Nadir R. Farid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies of Graves disease (GD) employing genome scanning techniques excluded the major histocompatibility complex as a contributor to disease liability. These findings contradict earlier population association studies. Our own earlier studies have also emphasized that genetic variation in human populations may give novel clues to disease liability and manifestations. To this end, we studied HLA class II alleles in 47 Latvian GD patients and 111 matched healthy controls. As expected, we found that DRB1*03 and DQA1*0501 (OR=3.6, P=0.029 and OR 2.35, P=0.0373, respectively) were associated with GD. Unforeseen, DRB1*04 was found to be significantly increased in the patients compared to controls (OR 3.267, corrected P=0.0319). The two DRB1 alleles conferred two non-overlapping and independent susceptibilities to GD, in that only three patients were positive for both alleles, and the removal of each allele in turn resulted in only the other DRB1 allele showing significant association with the disease. There was no heterogeneity between the two patient groups (DRB1*03 positive and DRB1*04 positive) in clinical characteristics or disease manifestations. The phenotype DRB1*03 and/or DRB1*04 was found in 34/47 patients compared to 27/111 controls yielding an OR of 7.395 (P corrected=0.000019). We examined the structural basis of DRB1 susceptibility to GD in light of this and previous studies, showing that DRB1*03, 04, and 08 were positively associated with the disease, whereas DRB1*07 was negatively associated. Differences in protein sequences were noted at residues 54, 57, 59, and 66; positions 54, 57, and 66 are on the same face of the α helix. The canonical arginine 54 is replaced by glutamine in DRB1*07. At position 66, asparagine in DRB1*03 and tyrosine in DRB1*04 are replaced by phenylalanine in DRB1*07. Residue 59, likely involved in pocket formation in the antigen binding groove, is modified by replacement of tyrosine in DRB1*03, 08, and 04 and by leucine in DRB1*07. The predicted differences in the shape and charges of the proximal reaches of the antigen binding groove between DRB1*07, and 03, 04, and 08, could determine whether or not a peptide from an auto-antigen would be bound or not. Genetic variation among human populations may yield important clues to specific disease liability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-191
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics
Volume102
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Genetics
  • Graves disease
  • HLA-DRB1
  • Latvia

Field of Science

  • 1.4 Chemical sciences
  • 1.6 Biological sciences
  • 3.1 Basic medicine
  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database

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