Vascular phases in imaging and their role in focal liver lesions assessment

Liliana Chiorean, Cosmin Caraiani, Maija Radziņa, MacIej Jedrzejczyk, Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich, Christoph F. Dietrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The incidental finding of a liver lesion with basic ultrasound is one of the most common clinical issues. Some of the liver lesions which present typical morphological B-mode features (e.g. cysts, typically localized focal fatty sparing/accumulations, hyperechoic hemangiomas) can be easily diagnosed by conventional ultrasound without the need of further diagnostic procedures. Others frequently necessitate further investigation with contrast-enhanced imaging techniques or biopsy in order to differentiate benign from malignant lesions and obtain a final diagnosis. This paper will discuss differences between vascular phases of different cross-sectional contrast-enhanced methods, as well as their subsequent benefits for focal liver lesions (FLLs) assessment, adding also a particular emphasis on small FLLs detection and characterization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-326
Number of pages28
JournalClinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • contrast-enhanced computed tomography
  • contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
  • contrast-enhanced ultrasound
  • diagnosis
  • Focal liver lesions
  • guidelines
  • imaging
  • ultrasonography

Field of Science*

  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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