The Ca content in skeletal muscle relative to vitamin D3 intake was studied in chicks. It was found that the Ca content in rachitic chick muscle was significantly higher than normal and it decreased with vitamin D3 treatment. In 4-week-old chicks fed a vitamin D-deficient diet, the Ca content in leg muscle reached 9.86 ± 1.07 mg/100 g wet wt, although in chicks receiving vitamin D3 in doses of 100 and 500 IU/kg diet, it was 7.80 ± 0.72 and 6.08 ± 0.61 mg/100 g wet wt, respectively. A single i.m. dose of 0.50 μg of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) or vitamin D3 caused a dramatic decrease in the muscle Ca content by 3 to 6 h after the injection. A simultaneous rise in the Ca level in blood serum was observed. However, at this time the Ca binding protein content in duodenal mucosa and the stimulation of Ca absorption were negligible. These findings allow the conclusion that the vitamin D deficiency in chicks leads to a surplus Ca accumulation in skeletal muscle. The administration of vitamin D3 or its metabolites causes rapid Ca release during the first 6 h. This may be the source of the Ca level increase in blood serum. In this respect 1,25(OH)2D3 was much more effective than vitamin D3.
Field of Science
- 1.6 Biological sciences
- 3.1 Basic medicine
- 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database