Well-being and functional abilities in nursing home and home living seniors in Latvia

Aija Balode, Anda Stolarova, Anita Villerusa, Janis Vetra

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Downloads (Pure)


The society in developed countries is aging. 1.5% of seniors live in nursing homes in Latvia. Aim: to compare functional abilities and wellbeing between nursing home and home living Latvian seniors. Methods: 280 home living seniors and 285 from nursing homes, age ≥ 65 years able to respond to questions and stand up were included in the study based on availability. They were asked to describe their well-being from very bad to very good. The functional abilities were assessed by hand grip strength, the ability to stand up without assistance, the dependence on caregivers (1 – independent, 2 – partly dependent, 3 – fully dependent), the use of walking device assistance devices. Results: The home living seniors could stand up without assistance of hands more often than nursing home residents (60.4% vs. 38.2%, p < 0.001). The handgrip strength was higher in the elderly community-dwelling women (0.3 (0.2–0.3) vs. 0.2 (0.15–0.2) Ba), p < 0.001. The nursing home residents were less often independent (62.8% vs. 83.9%, p < 0.001), more often partly dependent (30.2% vs. 14.6%, p < 0.001) and independent (7.0% vs. 1.4%, p = 0, 001) while performing activities of daily living. The nursing home residents had higher walking device assistance needs (mean rank 345.7 vs. 219.2, p < 0.001) and described their well-being as “good” more often (28.4% vs. 16.8%, p = 0.001) and less often as “bad” or “very bad” (18.9% vs. 26.8%, p = 0.048). Conclusion. The subjective well-being of elderly nurse home residents is better than of home living seniors despite having less functional abilities.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSHS Web of Conferences
Subtitle of host publication6th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference SOCIETY. HEALTH. WELFARE (Part II)
EditorsUldis Berķis, Lolita Vilka
PublisherEDP Sciences
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)978-2-7598-9059-0
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event6th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference "Society. Health. Welfare": Living in the World of Diversity: Social Transformations. Innovations. Solutions - Riga, Latvia
Duration: 23 Nov 201625 Nov 2016
Conference number: 6

Publication series

NameSHS Web of Conferences
ISSN (Print)2261-2424


Conference6th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference "Society. Health. Welfare"


  • well-being
  • functional abilities
  • elderly
  • hand grip strength
  • nursing home residents

Field of Science*

  • 3.3 Health sciences

Publication Type*

  • 3.1. Articles or chapters in proceedings/scientific books indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


Dive into the research topics of 'Well-being and functional abilities in nursing home and home living seniors in Latvia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this