Whole Genome Amplification in Preimplantation Genetic Testing in the Era of Massively Parallel Sequencing

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Successful whole genome amplification (WGA) is a cornerstone of contemporary preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). Choosing the most suitable WGA technique for PGT can be particularly challenging because each WGA technique performs differently in combination with different downstream processing and detection methods. The aim of this review is to provide insight into the performance and drawbacks of DOP-PCR, MDA and MALBAC, as well as the hybrid WGA techniques most widely used in PGT. As the field of PGT is moving towards a wide adaptation of comprehensive massively parallel sequencing (MPS)-based approaches, we especially focus our review on MPS parameters and detection opportunities of WGA-amplified material, i.e., mappability of reads, uniformity of coverage and its influence on copy number variation analysis, and genomic coverage and its influence on single nucleotide variation calling. The ability of MDA-based WGA solutions to better cover the targeted genome and the ability of PCR-based solutions to provide better uniformity of coverage are highlighted. While numerous comprehensive PGT solutions exploiting different WGA types and adjusted bioinformatic pipelines to detect copy number and single nucleotide changes are available, the ones exploiting MDA appear more advantageous. The opportunity to fully analyse the targeted genome is influenced by the MPS parameters themselves rather than the solely chosen WGA.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4819
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022

Field of Science*

  • 3.1 Basic medicine
  • 3.2 Clinical medicine

Publication Type*

  • 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database


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