To study the GH3 gene family of Arabidopsis, we investigated a flanking sequence database of Arabidopsis activation-tagged lines. We found a dwarf mutant, named yadokari 1-D (ydk1-D), that had a T-DNA insertion proximal to a GH3 gene. ydk1-D is dominant and has a short hypocotyl not only in light but also in darkness. Moreover, ydk1-D has a short primary root, a reduced lateral root number, and reduced apical dominance. A GH3 gene, named YDK1, was upregulated in ydk1-D, and YDK1 transgenic plants showed the ydk1-D phenotype. YDK1 gene expression was induced by exogenously applied auxin and regulated by auxin-response factor (ARF)7. In addition, YDK1 gene expression was downregulated by blue and far-red (FR) lights. Strong promoter activity of YDK1 was observed in roots and flowers. These results suggest that YDK1 may function as a negative component in auxin signaling by regulating auxin activity.
- Hypocotyl elongation
- Root elongation
Field of Science*
- 1.6 Biological sciences
- 1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database